How to Treat Gum Recession
January 11, 2019
As many people age, they may notice that their teeth appear to be lengthening, or that the gums are pulling away from the base of their teeth. Gum recession can be caused by several things, but the most serious of all of them is periodontal disease.
Periodontal disease is an infection of the gums that can cause many serious problems, one of those is gum recession. Periodontal disease cannot be cured, but it can be treated and managed. Gum recession is generally a gradual process. Our dentist will check regularly, but if you have been noticing that your gums are pulling away from your teeth and you haven’t been to the dentist, call to schedule an appointment.
Gum Recession Symptoms
Many of the symptoms of gum recession are also linked to periodontal disease, but you may notice:
• Bad breath that cannot be resolved with mouthwash or brushing your teeth
• Foul tasting mouth and tongue
• Swollen or inflamed gums
• Loosening of permanent teeth
Patients that are suffering from gum disease may also notice that their bite no longer properly aligns or that the gums become especially tender. As the gums recede, it is especially important to keep the infection from bacteria at bay.
The roots of the teeth are more susceptible because they don’t have the same level of enamel protection as the upper portions of the teeth. The gums are already receding, so infection can also compound the problem.
Causes of Gum Recession
We have already discussed that periodontal disease can be one of the most common and severe reasons that your gums are receding, but there are some other potential causes.
• Old age
• Certain medical conditions such as diabetes
• Poor oral hygiene
• Traumatic sports injury
• Grinding or clenching your teeth
Sometimes poor oral hygiene includes improper care of your teeth and gums. Some people may experience gum recession due to brushing their teeth and gums too hard or with the wrong type of toothbrush. In order to avoid this issue, brush with a soft-bristled toothbrush, brush regularly, and don’t force the toothbrush against your gums. Instead, let the toothbrush do the work of gently wiping away any buildup on your teeth and gums.
Treating Gum Recession
Unfortunately, gum recession is not reversible; this means that the tissue that you have lost will not simply regrow. However, you can stop gum recession from continuing, but it is important to understand what caused the initial recession. Schedule an appointment with our dentist to make sure that you get a proper diagnosis. Additionally, there are some surgical options that you may consider to restore your gum height.
Gum Skin Grafting: Skin grafting can be used to restore the gums. Incisions can be made in the soft upper palate of the mouth, and some of that tissue can be removed. The gums are then pulled away from the teeth, and the donor tissue is placed underneath and down to the original gum line. The tissue is then sutured into place and into the existing gum tissue to allow it to properly heal in the right location.
Chao Pinhole Technique: The Chao Pinhole technique uses a thin needle to create a hole in the gums. Specialized equipment is inserted through this hole, and the existing gum tissue is expanded and manipulated toward the original gumline. This helps to restore the gums to their original height without actually adding or creating any new tissue to the gums.
If you have been noticing that your gums are receding, it is important to contact us and schedule an appointment with our dentist immediately. They can help you stop the recession and maintain the tissue that you currently have. The sooner that you receive treatment, the sooner you can restore your gums and maintain a healthy mouth.